An important part in the woodworking process is staining the finished product. If you are talking about clothes, staining is something bad because it is synonymous to getting your garments soiled or dirtied.
But in terms of woodworking projects, this process is beneficial because it adds beauty to your crafts and even protects them from the elements. Some of the most common errors that woodworking hobbyists commit is trying to skip some of the staining process, or not even applying it to their finished work. Most of them think that the task is difficult, so they just skip the process and sacrifice the quality of their work.
Don’t give up easily. In this post, you will discover helpful tips to make the staining process easier for your DIY woodworking projects.
There are several considerations that you need to think about when choosing the stain for your woodworking plans. First, you need to check if the wood you are using is brand-new or if it is from old stock.
Some stains offer additional features like UV and rain protection so you may want to choose these products for creating fences or outdoor furniture. Some stains have color, while others produce a clear finish. Once you have ran through these factors, turning your woodworking plans into reality will surely be easy.
If you are adding stain to a piece of furniture that is already varnished, the new coating will not penetrate the wood’s surface and the end result will look messier. That is because a varnish coating works like a barrier to prevent stains and excess moisture from seeping into your woodworking crafts.
If you want to apply a new layer of stain to your work, you need to thoroughly sand the varnished wood first. Make sure that you sand using the grain so that scratches will not appear on the wood’s surface once you add stain to it.
Each type of wood can produce a different reaction when exposed to a certain type of stain. That is why you need to carefully choose the materials that you will use for your woodworking projects.
Before you start the staining process, coat the surface of your material with a base primer. This is essential for keeping the base consistent and preventing the stain from becoming blotchy.
If you are quite new to this, one of the easiest types of wood to play with is oak because of its surface that is easy to smooth out.
Problems in staining usually happen when the wood that you are using is too moist. Before you apply any coating on its surface, make sure that your material is completely dry inside and out.
If the wood is dry, you can prevent the coat from flaking off and make sure that its surface is well-protected.
If you are using wood that is treated, you need to let it dry for at least six weeks before applying any stains. And to make sure that your material is completely dry, always add the stains during a warm day.
These are the most common stains that you will see in the market. Water-based coats provide a more vibrant color compared to its oil-based counterparts. In addition, it does not produce fumes.
However, it does not mean that oil-based stains are sub-par. You can still use this for your woodworking plans because it provides a thicker and tighter seal for more reliable protection. Oil-based stains are much more durable than water-based ones. Plus, they do not require intensive maintenance.
Both types of stains follow the same procedure when applied. However, you need to use a separate brush. Water-based coats should be applied using a synthetic brush that’s made from nylon and polyester. For oil-based coats, always use a brush with natural bristles to ensure a smoother surface and prevent stray bristles from sticking on the wood.
When applying stains on your wooden project, there are times wherein the coat will become blotchy. Don’t worry though, because there are several ways to fix this dilemma. Before applying the stain, add a layer of wood conditioner on the surface. Let it sit for 15 minutes before applying the stain. Excess coats should be wiped immediately before they become dry.
With these tips, your next DIY furniture set will surely look beautiful and durable!